Traffic management

Cover of Procurement of ITS (International Practice)
Procurement of ITS (International Practice)
  • Publication no: AP-R448-14
  • ISBN: 978-1-925037-43-2
  • Published: 24 January 2014

This report documents the findings from investigation of international ITS procurement practices through a literature review, case studies and interviews with stakeholders. A total of 14 case studies from six selected countries namely the US, UK, Netherlands, Japan, Singapore and Hong Kong are compiled and analysed. The ITS procurement strategies and relevant guidelines from these countries are reviewed, with the selected case studies covering a broad range of scale, budget, risk and complexity levels of ITS projects. Lessons learned from the ITS procurement case studies are summarised and consolidated into the following areas: applying a systems engineering approach for decision-making, risk management, ITS master plan, nationally consistent standards and approaches, resourcing, relationships, value for money, systems integration, operation and maintenance considerations, contractor selection criteria and performance measurement, specification management, procurement of innovation and solutions, contract shells, intellectual property rights and liability and ITS and civil integration.

To improve the ITS procurement practices in Australia and New Zealand, an ITS procurement toolkit based on lessons learned from both overseas and domestic case studies is recommended. The proposed toolkit covers topics such as the need to development of an ITS master plan, the proposed decision model for procurement model selection, proposed selection criteria and performance measurement, establishment of a collaborative relationship and development of nationally consistent standards and approaches.

  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Background
    • 1.2. Purpose
    • 1.3. Contents
    • 1.4. Terminology
  • 2. Methods
  • 3. ITS Procurement Strategies and Methods from Selected Countries
    • 3.1. The US Decision Model for ITS Procurement
    • 3.2. The UK Highways Agency (HA) Traffic Technology Procurement Strategy
    • 3.3. The EU Pre-commercial Procurement (PCP) for ITS Innovation
    • 3.4. ITS Procurement in Selected Asian Countries
      • 3.4.1. Japan
      • 3.4.2. Singapore
      • 3.4.3. Hong Kong
    • 3.5. Case Studies from Selected Countries
  • 4. Findings from Case studies
    • 4.1. Overview
    • 4.2. Summary of Procurement Methods
      • 4.2.1. Procurement Model
      • 4.2.2. Method of Award
      • 4.2.3. Type of Contract
      • 4.2.4. Contract Form
      • 4.2.5. Summary of Identified Procurement Methods
    • 4.3. Lessons Learned from Overseas and Domestic Case Studies
      • 4.3.1. Applying Systems Engineering Approach for Decision-making
      • 4.3.2. Risk Management
      • 4.3.3. ITS Master Plan and Procurement Strategies
      • 4.3.4. Nationally Consistent Standards
      • 4.3.5. Resourcing
      • 4.3.6. Relationships
      • 4.3.7. Value for Money
      • 4.3.8. Systems Integration
      • 4.3.9. Operation and Maintenance Considerations
      • 4.3.10. Selection Criteria and Performance Measurement
      • 4.3.11. Specification Management
      • 4.3.12. Contract Shell for ITS Procurement
      • 4.3.13. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and Liabilities
      • 4.3.14. ITS and Civil Integration
  • 5. Proposed ITS Procurement Toolkit
    • 5.1. Development of an ITS Master Plan
    • 5.2. Decision Model
    • 5.3. Selection Criteria and Performance Measurement
    • 5.4. Establishment of Collaborative Relationships
    • 5.5. Development of Nationally Consistent Standards and Approaches
  • 6. Conclusions and Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix A ITS project categories and associated characteristics
  • Appendix B Agency capacity levels
  • Appendix C New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) INFORM System
  • C.1 Project Scope
  • C.2 Cost and Duration
  • C.3 ITS Component
  • C.4 Project Complexity and Risk Levels
  • C.5 Resourcing
  • C.6 ITS Master Plan
  • C.7 Procurement Method/Package
  • C.8 Type of Contract
  • C.9 Project Success
  • C.10 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix D Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) CommuterLink for the Winter Olympic Games
  • D.1 Project Scope
  • D.2 Duration and Cost
  • D.3 ITS Component
  • D.4 Project Complexity and Risk Levels
  • D.5 Type of Products
  • D.6 Resourcing
  • D.7 ITS Master Plan
  • D.8 Procurement Method
  • D.8.1 Procurement Model
  • D.8.2 Type of Contract
  • D.9 Project Success
  • D.10 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix E Maryland State Highway Administration (MDSHA) CHART II
  • E.1 Project Scope
  • E.2 Duration and Cost
  • E.3 ITS Component
  • E.4 Project Complexity and Risk Levels
  • E.5 Procurement Method
  • E.5.1 Procurement Model
  • E.5.2 Method of Award
  • E.5.3 Contract Form
  • E.5.4 Type of Contract
  • E.6 Project Success
  • E.7 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix F Detroit Freeway Surveillance System Expansion
  • F.1 Project Scope
  • F.2 Project Complexity and Risk Levels
  • F.3 Type of Products
  • F.4 Procurement Method
  • F.4.1 Procurement Model
  • F.4.2 Method of Award
  • F.4.3 Type of Contract
  • F.4.4 Operation and Maintenance
  • F.5 Project Success
  • F.6 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix G Connecticut DOT (CONNDOT) Freeway Traffic Management System Integration
  • G.1 Project Scope
  • G.2 Duration and Cost
  • G.3 Type of Products
  • G.4 ITS Component
  • G.5 Project Complexity and Risk Levels
  • G.6 ITS Master Plan
  • G.7 Procurement Method
  • G.7.1 Procurement Model
  • G.7.2 Method of Award
  • G.7.3 Type of Contract
  • G.7.4 Contract Form
  • G.8 Specification
  • G.9 Project Success
  • G.10 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix H Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT) NaviGAtor system upgrade
  • H.1 Project Scope
  • H.2 Project Complexity and Risk Levels
  • H.3 ITS Master Plan
  • H.4 Procurement Method
  • H.4.1 Procurement Model
  • H.4.2 Method of Award
  • H.4.3 Contract Form
  • H.5 Project Success
  • H.6 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix I The UK National Roads Telecommunications Services (NRTS)
  • I.1 Project Scope
  • I.2 Project Complexity
  • I.3 Type of Products
  • I.4 Resourcing
  • I.5 ITS Master Plan
  • I.6 Procurement Model
  • I.7 Why PPP
  • I.8 Procurement Process
  • I.9 Type of Contract
  • I.10 Specifications
  • I.11 Project Success
  • I.12 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix J The UK M42 Active Traffic Management (ATM) Pilot
  • J.1 Project Scope
  • J.2 Cost and Duration
  • J.3 Type of Products
  • J.4 Project Complexity
  • J.5 Resourcing
  • J.6 ITS Master Plan
  • J.7 Procurement Method
  • J.7.1 Procurement Model
  • J.7.2 Tender Process
  • J.8 Type of Contract
  • J.9 Specification
  • J.9.1 Design Standards
  • J.9.2 Systems Integration
  • J.9.3 Fair Payment Innovation
  • J.9.4 Operation
  • J.9.5 Maintenance
  • J.9.6 Product Warranty
  • J.9.7 ITS Platform
  • J.9.8 Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and Liability for Software
  • J.10 Project Success
  • J.11 Lessons Learned
  • J.12 Acknowledgement
  • Appendix K The UK M4 M5 Hard Shoulder Running (HSR) Scheme
  • K.1 Project Scope
  • K.2 Cost and Duration
  • K.3 Type of Products
  • K.4 Project Complexity
  • K.5 Resourcing
  • K.6 ITS Master Plan
  • K.7 Procurement Method
  • K.7.1 Procurement Model
  • K.7.2 Framework Contract for Delivery Partner
  • K.7.3 Tender Process for Delivery Partner
  • K.7.4 Framework Contract and Tender Process for Design Consultancy
  • K.8 Type of Contract
  • K.8.1 Contract Structure of Delivery Partner Framework
  • K.8.2 Payment Methods for Delivery Partner
  • K.8.3 Incentive Arrangement for Delivery Partner
  • K.8.4 Contract of Design Consultancy
  • K.9 Contract Shell
  • K.10 Specification
  • K.10.1 Design Standards
  • K.10.2 Maintenance and Warranty
  • K.10.3 Suppliers’ Quality Plan
  • K.10.4 Performance Measurement
  • K.11 Project Success
  • K.12 Lessons Learned
  • K.13 Acknowledgement
  • Appendix L Singapore Expressway Monitoring Advisory System (EMAS) Arterial
  • L.1 Project Background
  • L.2 Project Scope
  • L.3 Type of Products
  • L.4 Resources
  • L.5 ITS Master Plan
  • L.6 Procurement Method and Selection Criteria
  • L.7 Type of Contract
  • L.8 Specifications
  • L.9 Project Success
  • L.10 Lessons Learned
  • L.11 Acknowledgement
  • Appendix M Hong Kong Octopus Smart Card System
  • M.1 Project Scope
  • M.2 System Component
  • M.3 Project Complexity and Risk
  • M.4 Procurement Model
  • M.5 Project Success
  • M.6 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix N Japan ITS Spot Service
  • N.1 Project Background
  • N.2 Project Scope
  • N.3 Type of Product
  • N.4 Project Complexity and Risk
  • N.5 Resource
  • N.6 ITS Master Plan
  • N.7 Procurement Method
  • N.7.1 R&D Phase
  • N.7.2 Implementation and Operation Phase
  • N.7.3 Public Relation
  • N.8 Type of Contract
  • N.9 Specification
  • N.10 Project Success
  • N.11 Lessons Learned
  • N.12 Acknowledgement
  • Appendix O The UK Virtual Motorway
  • O.1 Project Background
  • O.2 Project Scope
  • O.3 Type of Product
  • O.4 Project Complexity and Risk
  • O.5 Procurement Method
  • O.6 Project Success
  • O.7 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix P The Dutch Digital Dikes
  • P.1 Project Background
  • P.2 Project Scope
  • P.3 Type of Product
  • P.4 Project Complexity and Risk
  • P.5 Procurement Method
  • P.6 Specification
  • P.7 Project Success
  • P.8 Lessons Learned
  • Appendix Q Overview of Case Studies
  • Appendix R Summary of Lessons Learned from International Case Studies