The next generation of motor vehicles are planned to include an increased level of wireless connectivity and automated driving capability. The convergence of these technologies has given rise to the term Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV).
The potential societal benefits from these emerging technologies are significant, particularly with regard to road safety, transport efficiency and productivity, and environmental outcomes. To support deployment and optimise the benefits from these technologies, there is a need for regulatory and operational frameworks to be in place.
The Austroads CAV program is working closely with key government and industry stakeholders towards establishing the required supporting frameworks.
Key focus areas in scope of the CAV program include:
- Automated Vehicles (AV)
Automated Vehicles are vehicles that have one or more of the primary driving controls (steering, acceleration, braking) that are automated for a sustained period of time. Classification of automated driving levels, which consider what role the human driver has and whether the human is ‘in-the-loop’ or not, are often used to define the level of automation in motor vehicles. Levels of automation range from no automation of driving controls, through automated applications that assist the human with the driving task, through to fully and highly automated vehicles that can drive themselves.
- Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS)
A connected vehicle ecosystem is emerging in which vehicles will share data wirelessly with other vehicles, with infrastructure, with transport management systems, and with mobile devices. Commonly referred to as Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS), this ecosystem will enable a wide range of vehicle and transport applications to be deployed that cooperatively work together to deliver safety, mobility and environmental outcomes that are in addition to what many standalone systems can achieve.
The Austroads CAV program has a governance structure that provides effective guidance, decision making and program management controls. Key governance groups for the program include:
- Program Board – provides strategic direction and decision making for the program. It comprises senior representatives from Austroads, the Commonwealth and the NTC.
- Steering Committee – provides technical endorsement and guidance to the program of work, and linkages to jurisdiction projects and initiatives. It comprises representatives from Austroads road agency members, the Commonwealth and the NTC.
- Industry Reference Group – provides a forum to engage, consult, share knowledge, and seek guidance and direction. It comprises a large number of industry and government stakeholders across a wide range of relevant domains.