Traffic management

Table of Contents

2. Movement and Place

The need to provide for all users of the road network in an equitable and balanced manner is a particular challenge in urban areas and regional centres. There are various types of user of the road network and their needs vary depending on their mode of travel. The various users and their needs in terms of transport networks are discussed in Section 3. At times a particular user’s needs may conflict with another’s.

A framework that considers the relative priorities of the movement of people and goods to their destination (often referred to as the Movement and Place framework or Link and Place framework) will identify the road types within the road network that are best suited to the users’ journey needs, community defined places and values and transport modes.

Implementation of a framework will enable more effective management of infrastructure and operational issues to prioritise the user’s journey needs, reduce potential user conflicts and facilitate safe and timely journeys with minimum disruption.

Roads serve two primary roles for the users, that being to either:

  1. facilitate the movement of people and goods, or
  2. act as places for people.

For this reason the Movement and Place or Link and Place Framework has been developed in order to manage the ranging priorities. The framework considers the different function of each road type within the road network and how it performs its function to meet the community’s, as well as users’ needs. This is undertaken in order to transform conditions for more sustainable modes of transport while also ensuring that vehicles can still get about reliably and productively.

The Movement and Place Framework identifies the role of each road through a movement and place matrix (as shown in Figure 2.1). This is based on the strategic significance of the road to move people and goods and the strategic significance of the land use interacting with the road. With respect to Figure 2.1:

  • The position of a road or street on the movement axis is determined by its strategic significance within the road network as indicated by Figure 2.2. The strategic significance of a road is identified by its role in the broader road network, the overall volume of people and goods it moves and the proportion of longer distance journeys it serves. It is noted that movements include all movements not just car-based, so some roads may be high on the movement axis as a result of the strategic significance and intensity of cycling or pedestrian flows.
  • The position of a road or street on the place axis is determined by the strategic significance and community value of a place as indicated by Figure 2.3. Places can be urban activity centres that generate pedestrian activity, traditional strip shopping centres, transport hubs such as airport precincts or central railway stations, educational institutions and community centres.

Figure 2.1: Movement and Place Framework

Source: Adapted from Transport for NSW (2016).

Figure 2.2: Functions of the various road types used in the movement and place framework

Source: Adapted from Transport for NSW (2016).

Figure 2.3: Strategic significance of the place

Source: Transport for NSW (2016).