Road safety

Cover of Innovative Road Safety Measures to Address Fatigue: Review of Research and Results from a Treatment Trial.
Innovative Road Safety Measures to Address Fatigue: Review of Research and Results from a Treatment Trial.
  • Publication no: AP-R379-11
  • ISBN: 978-1-921709-69-2
  • Published: 6 April 2011

Austroads study (RS.SS.N.018) identified fatigue as a major contributing factor to rural and remote crashes, and recommended that research be undertaken to address this issue. As a result ST1347 was initiated to identify innovative treatments that have potential as fatigue countermeasures, to identify the effectiveness of these treatments, and to provide information to practitioners about where they might be used.

  • SUMMARY
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
  • 2. REVIEW METHOD
  • 3. REVIEW RESULTS
    • 3.1. General Results
      • 3.1.1. Types of Countermeasures
      • 3.1.2. Placement of Countermeasures
    • 3.2. Providing Rest Opportunities
      • 3.2.1. Existing Countermeasures Research
      • 3.2.2. Future Research
    • 3.3. Advising Drivers of the Need to Rest
      • 3.3.1. Existing Countermeasures Research
      • 3.3.2. Future Research
    • 3.4. Reducing Monotony
      • 3.4.1. Existing Countermeasures Research
      • 3.4.2. Future Research
    • 3.5. Alerting Motorists to Hazards and Helping them Avoid Departurefrom Roadway
      • 3.5.1. Existing Countermeasures Research
      • 3.5.2. Future Research
    • 3.6. Treatments Alerting Drivers to their Departure from the Roadway
      • 3.6.1. Existing Countermeasure Research
      • 3.6.2. Future Research
    • 3.7. Protecting Drivers if they do Depart
      • 3.7.1. Existing Countermeasure Research
      • 3.7.2. Future Research
  • 4. REVIEW CONCLUSIONS
    • 4.1. Existing Countermeasures
      • 4.1.1. Gaps in Knowledge
    • 4.2. Recommendations – Existing Countermeasures
    • 4.3. Recommendations – New Countermeasures
  • 5. TREATMENT TRIALS
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Designing a Treatment
      • 5.2.1. Task for Increasing Alertness
      • 5.2.2. Evaluation
  • 6. TRIAL METHODOLOGY
    • 6.1. Design
    • 6.2. Materials
      • 6.2.1. Signage
    • 6.3. Treatment Installation
      • 6.3.1. Locations and Layout
    • 6.4. Survey
      • 6.4.1. Locations
      • 6.4.2. Timing
      • 6.4.3. Survey Process
      • 6.4.4. Survey Staff
  • 7. RESULTS
    • 7.1. Characteristics of the Sample
      • 7.1.1. Driver Age
      • 7.1.2. Survey Time of Day
      • 7.1.3. Journey Duration
    • 7.2. Validity of the Measures
      • 7.2.1. Sleepiness Scale
    • 7.3. Evaluating Awareness and Effectiveness of the Signs
      • 7.3.1. Awareness
      • 7.3.2. Effectiveness
      • 7.3.3. Stopping Behaviour
    • 7.4. Rated Sleepiness
  • 8. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
  • REFERENCES