Road safety

Cover of The Nature of Errors Made by Drivers
The Nature of Errors Made by Drivers
  • Publication no: AP-R378-11
  • ISBN: 978-1-921709-68-5
  • Published: 27 June 2011

It is important that we understand the factors and conditions that shape driver behaviour – those conditions within the road transport system that contribute to driver error and the situations where driver non-compliance to road regulations is likely. This report presents the findings derived from a program of research investigating the nature of errors made by drivers, involving a literature review and an on-road study. The review indicates that, despite significant investigation, the role of different error types in road traffic crashes remains unclear, as does the role of the wider road transport system failures in driver error causation.

  • SUMMARY
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1. Background
    • 1.2. Scope, Aims, and Objectives
    • 1.3. Research Activities
    • 1.4. Structure of Report
  • 2. TO ERR (ON THE ROAD) IS HUMAN? A REVIEW OFROAD TRANSPORT-RELATED HUMAN ERRORRESEARCH
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Definitions and Classification Schemes
    • 2.3. Human error models
    • 2.4. Human Error and Road Transport
      • 2.4.1. The Driver Behaviour Questionnaire
      • 2.4.2. Errors, system failures, and road traffic crashes
    • 2.5. Research Methods
    • 2.6. Summary
  • 3. ON ROAD STUDY OF DRIVER ERRORS
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Methodology
      • 3.2.1. Component methods
      • 3.2.2. The route
      • 3.2.4. Materials
      • 3.2.5. Procedure
    • 3.3. Results
      • 3.3.1. Driver Behaviour Questionnaire
      • 3.3.2. Error classification
      • 3.3.3. Errors and intersections
      • 3.3.4. Error vignettes
  • 4. DISCUSSION
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Literature Review Findings
    • 4.3. On-road Study Findings
      • 4.3.1. Driver Behaviour Questionnaire
      • 4.3.2. Errors made during on-road study
      • 4.3.3. Errors at intersections
      • 4.3.4. Error vignettes analysis
    • 4.4. Driver error versus driving error?
    • 4.5. The Way Forward
      • 4.5.1. Preventing road system errors
    • 4.6. Study Limitations
    • 4.7. Recommendations for future research
    • 4.8. Conclusions
  • 5. REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX A
  • APPENDIX B