13.2 Bus Passengers
In urban areas, provision may be made for express buses to leave and re-enter the freeway at interchanges. Where this is the case it is preferable that the buses use the left lane or the left shoulder. At diamond interchanges, bus stops should be located near the ramp terminals either in an indented bay on the entry ramp or within the left-turn islands at the exit and entry ramp terminals. It is important that the:
- island is large enough to accommodate the number of pedestrians waiting for the express service
- local feeder bus stops are located in close proximity to the express stops
- buses waiting at stops, and furniture associated with the stops do not impede sight distance for other road users.
At other interchange types, provision for bus movements will be more complex. At certain interchanges the bus route may leave the freeway and continue by way of the arterial road system.
Where a major bus stop is provided at freeway level to serve a busway within the median, the design should enable passengers from feeder services to disembark directly in the local road and access the freeway service via escalators, lifts, ramps or stairs, although stairs are not preferred and should not be the sole means of access. Careful pedestrian access planning is required to ensure that passengers can access the stations from both sides of the carriageway.
Specific pedestrian access arrangements will also be required to ensure appropriate access to rail stations adjacent to a freeway or its interchanges when a rail line is constructed adjacent to, or in the median of the freeway.