Appendix F 2 Abbreviations
The following terms and abbreviations are used in the procedures for the design of the binder application rate:
Aba = Allowance for binder absorption
Ae = Allowance for embedment
As = Allowance for surface texture
Bb = Basic binder application rate (before application of allowances)
Bbm = Modified binder application rate
Bd = Design binder application rate (after application of allowances).
BF = Binder factor (applied to basic binder application rate)
Va = Voids factor adjustment applied to aggregate shape
Vf = Basic voids factor
VF = Design voids factor
Vt = Voids factor adjustment applied to traffic effects.