Table of Contents

4.6 Binders

Binder types used in sprayed seals include:

  • conventional bitumen
  • multigrade bitumen
  • cutback bitumen
  • bitumen emulsion
  • foamed bitumen
  • polymer modified binders
    • elastomeric polymer types
    • crumb rubber
  • specialty binders (e.g. bitumen extended epoxy, polyurethane, acrylic).

A detailed guide to binder materials is provided in the Guide to Pavement Technology Part 4F: Bituminous Binders (Austroads 2017).