Connected and automated vehicles

Cover of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV) Open Data Recommendations
Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV) Open Data Recommendations
  • Publication no: AP-R581-18
  • ISBN: 978-1-925671-73-5
  • Published: 23 August 2018

This report sets out the strategic context for the supply of road operator data for use by Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) in Australia and includes recommended next steps.

CAVs are anticipated to rely heavily on data from their sensors for vehicle control actions such as acceleration and braking. External data complements this by assisting dispatch, route and path planning as well as providing a horizon of expected conditions. Road operator data that may be of interest to CAVs includes data from traffic signals and Managed Motorways systems, data on roadworks, incidents and special events and data on traffic restrictions such as speed limits.

The report includes as appendices the results of the contributing development activities: background research, engagement with road operators and industry as well as summaries of relevant Open Data policies.

  • Summary
    • Method
    • Findings
    • Recommendations
  • 1. Road Operator Data and CAVs – An Introduction
    • BITRE dissemination plan
    • How this project relates to other initiatives
    • 1.1 Potential use cases for road operator data in CAVs
      • 1.1.1 Traffic light information/assist
      • 1.1.2 Speed assistance systems
      • 1.1.3 GM Supercruise
      • 1.1.4 Volvo Drive-Me concept
    • 1.2 What motivates road operators’ activities in this area?
    • 1.3 What use do CAVs make of road operator data?
    • 1.4 With multiple data sources, which data do CAVs act upon?
    • 1.5 Describing quality and confidence as an alternative to guaranteeing accuracy
    • 1.6 What road operator data is most useful?
    • 1.7 What formats should road operators use to provide data?
  • 2. Digital Infrastructure – A Core Responsibility?
    • 2.1 Liability and duty of care
  • 3. Service Models and Open Data
    • 3.1 Is Open Data a good approach for road operators providing data for CAVs?
    • 3.2 Is there a need for a national aggregator or national advocate?
  • 4. Do Current Business Processes Meet CAV Data Needs?
    • 4.1 Achieving the data types, accuracy and timeliness that CAVs desire
    • 4.2 Doing the best with what is available now: describing quality and confidence
  • 5. A Virtuous Circle – Using Data Generated by CAVs
    • 5.1 Should road operators have to pay for CAV generated data?
    • 5.2 Using crowdsourced data – manual verification or believing the crowd?
  • 6. Planning the Way Forward
    • 6.1 Should CAV data have its own strategic roadmap?
    • 6.2 Realising the opportunities for CAV field trials
    • 6.3 Participating in international standards development
  • 7. Summarised Findings and Recommendations
    • 7.1 Summarised findings
    • 7.2 Recommendations
      • 7.2.1 Leverage existing initiatives by assisting the capture and sharing of lessons learned
      • 7.2.2 Develop a roadmap for road operator data for CAVs, with accompanying best practice guidance
      • 7.2.3 Assist preparations for change
      • 7.2.4 Active participation in international standards development
      • 7.2.5 Monitor progress on key data sets
      • 7.2.6 Support change
  • References
  • Appendix A Background Research Working Paper
    • A.1 Summary of findings from the Background Research Working Paper
    • A.2 About This Background Research Working Paper
      • A.2.1 National Land Transport Technology Policy Framework
      • A.2.2 BITRE dissemination plan
      • A.2.3 How this project relates to other projects
    • A.3 What Data Do CAVs Need?
    • A.3.1 Data generated by CAVs vs data consumed by CAVs
    • A.4 What is Open Data?
      • A.4.1 Commonwealth government position on open data
      • A.4.2 State open data policies
      • A.4.3 Open data, “truth” and liability
    • A.5 Previous Austroads work
      • A.5.1 Road operator actions to support AVs
      • A.5.2 C-ITS
    • A.5.3 Traveller information
    • A.6 Australian Experiences with Intelligent Speed Assist
    • A.7 International approaches
      • A.7.1 Europe
    • A.8 United States
      • A.8.1 FHWA call for submissions on Automated Driving Systems
      • A.8.2 USDOT roundtable on data for AV safety
      • A.8.3 US public private cooperation agreements
    • A.9 Open Autodrive Forum (OADF), Navigation Data Standard (NDS) and TPEG
    • A.10 References
  • Appendix B State Open Data Policies and Portals
    • B.1 Victoria
    • B.2 New South Wales
    • B.3 Queensland
    • B.4 South Australia
    • B.5 Western Australia
    • B.6 Tasmania
  • Appendix C Summarised Interview Findings
    • Remembering that Open Data is a means, not the end – what should we be seeking to achieve from road operator involvement in the data cycle?
    • What data do you see a road operator providing to CAVs?
    • How does a CAV determine truth for the relevant data types?
    • Reliance on data quality and Open Data
    • Planning for and achieving progress
    • Considering the possible service models
  • Appendix D Summarised Notes of Stakeholder Workshop
    • D.1.1 Attendees
    • D.1.2 Purpose
    • D.1.3 Summary of key notes from workshop