Connected and automated vehicles

Cover of Cooperative Intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) Standards Assessment
Cooperative Intelligent transport systems (C-ITS) Standards Assessment
  • Publication no: AP-R474-15
  • ISBN: 978-1-925294-00-2
  • Published: 21 January 2015

This report documents the outcomes of an assessment of the emerging C-ITS standards and may be used to provide an understanding of the standards and provide guidance for determining which standards should be adopted locally.

The project reviewed more than 160 standards from the ETSI release 1, CEN/ISO release 1 and from SAE and IEEE for the USA. The review identified that there are two scenarios for possible adoption by Australia and New Zealand – a US scenario comprising IEEE and SAE standards and the EU scenario comprising standards from ETSI release 1 and CEN/ISO release 1. Of the 157 standards associated with the EU scenario, 55 were identified as being of high priority to adopt in order to deploy the EU scenario locally. Of the 11 standards associated with the US scenario, seven were identified as being of high priority to adopt in order to deploy the US scenario locally.

The assessment identified and discussed key differences between the scenarios. In order to pick a scenario and commence adopting standards for deployment of the chosen scenario there is a need to seek further clarity on scenarios by participating and/or engaging in trials and initiatives; work with local stakeholders to establish a confirmed consensual direction with respect to C-ITS deployment locally; adopt the required minimum set standards for the chosen scenario; and confirm the compliance level and type required for each adopted standard and whether compliance is regulated or not.

  • Summary
  • Architecture and message types
  • 5.9. GHz channel allocation
  • GeoNetworking/multi-hop and local dynamic maps
  • Security
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1. Structure
  • 2. Background
    • 2.1. The Need for C-ITS Standards
    • 2.2. Types of Applications Potentially Enabled Early
    • 2.3. Communication Technologies for C-ITS in Early and Mid-term Deployment
    • 2.4. Standard Developing Organisations Structure
    • 2.5. Emerging C-ITS Standards
    • 2.6. Complementary, Competing and Harmonised Standards to Achieve Various Scenarios
    • 2.7. ITS Station
    • 2.8. C-ITS Core
    • 2.9. Minimum Set of Standards for Australia and New Zealand for Initial C-ITS Deployment
    • 2.10. Grouping of Standards
    • 2.11. Compliance
    • 2.12. Stakeholder Consultation
  • 3. Standards Assessment
    • 3.1. General Layer Standards
      • 3.1.1. Guidelines and Procedures
      • 3.1.2. Architecture
      • 3.1.3. Data Dictionary and Terminology
      • 3.1.4. Interoperability Testing Standard
      • 3.1.5. Test Suite Architecture
      • 3.1.6. High Priority General Layer Standards
    • 3.2. Application Layer Standards
      • 3.2.1. Day 1 Applications (including probe, SPaT, MAP, SRM, SSM and IVI)
      • 3.2.2. V2X Applications that would Require Additional Systems to Operate
      • 3.2.3. I2V Non Day 1 Applications
      • 3.2.4. Data Exchange/Interface Protocols (including DATEX II, NTCIP and TPEG)
      • 3.2.5. Electronic Fee Collection
      • 3.2.6. Automatic Vehicle Equipment Registration
      • 3.2.7. V2I and I2V Signalised Intersection Testing Standards
      • 3.2.8. IVI Testing Standards
      • 3.2.9. High Priority Application Layer Standards
    • 3.3. Facilities Layer Standards
      • 3.3.1. General
      • 3.3.2. Data Message Sets
      • 3.3.3. Local Dynamic Maps (LDMs)
      • 3.3.4. Position and Time
      • 3.3.5. Information Exchange
      • 3.3.6. CAM Testing Standards
      • 3.3.7. DENM Testing Standards
      • 3.3.8. Information Exchange Relative to Transport Infrastructure Management, Control and Guidance Testing Standards
      • 3.3.9. High Priority Facilities Layer Standards
    • 3.4. Network and Transport Layer Standards
      • 3.4.1. GeoNetworking
      • 3.4.2. CALM
      • 3.4.3. WAVE (IEEE 1609)
      • 3.4.4. GeoNetworking Testing Standards
      • 3.4.5. Fast Networking Transport Protocol Testing Standards
      • 3.4.6. High Priority Network and Transport Layer Standards
    • 3.5. Access and Media Layer Standards
      • 3.5.1. CALM
      • 3.5.2. 5 GHz Band Communications (including ITS G5 and IEEE 802.11)
      • 3.5.3. ISO CALM Testing Standard
      • 3.5.4. 5 GHz Band Communications Testing Standards
      • 3.5.5. High Priority Access and Media Layer Standards
    • 3.6. Management Layer Standards
      • 3.6.1. General Management
      • 3.6.2. Cross-layer
      • 3.6.3. Application Management
      • 3.6.4. Facilities Management
      • 3.6.5. Station Management
      • 3.6.6. Station Management Testing Standards
      • 3.6.7. High Priority Management Layer Standards
    • 3.7. Security Layer Standards
      • 3.7.1. Security Standards
      • 3.7.2. Security Testing Standards
      • 3.7.3. High Priority Security Layer Standards
  • 4. Discussion
    • 4.1. EU Scenario
    • 4.2. US Scenario
    • 4.3. Scenario Choice for Australia and New Zealand
      • 4.3.1. Choice between the US and EU Scenarios
      • 4.3.2. Need for a Confirmed Consensual Direction with Respect to C-ITS Deployment Locally by Local Stakeholders
      • 4.3.3. Seek Further Clarity on the Scenarios by Participating and/or Engaging in Trials and Initiatives
    • 4.4. Adoption of Standards
    • 4.5. Assurance of Compliance
    • 4.6. Involvement in Standards Development and Harmonisation Activities
  • 5. Conclusions
    • 5.1. Need for a Minimum Set of Standards for Early Deployment
    • 5.2. Scenarios and their Emerging Standards
    • 5.3. Scenario Adopted Early Needs to Facilitate Evolution Later
    • 5.4. Need to Pick a Scenario
    • 5.5. Involvement in Standards Development and Harmonisation Activities
  • References
  • Appendix A Emerging C-ITS Standards
  • A.1 ETSI Release 1
  • A.1.1 General Standards
  • A.1.2 Application Standards
  • A.1.3 Facility Standards
  • A.1.4 Facility Testing Standards
  • A.1.5 Network and Transport Standards
  • A.1.6 Network and Transport Testing Standards
  • A.1.7 Access and Media Standard
  • A.1.8 Access and Media Testing Standard
  • A.1.9 Management Standards
  • A.1.10 Security and Privacy Standard
  • A.1.11 Security Testing Standard
  • A.2 CEN/ISO Release 1
  • A.2.1 Applications, Messages and Data Specifications
  • A.2.2 Application and Message Support
  • A.2.3 Conformance Testing
  • A.2.4 Standards for other ITS Domains but with Direct Relevance for C-ITS
  • A.2.5 Differences between CEN/ISO May 2013 Release 1 and CEN/ISO December 2013 Release 1
  • A.3 SAE, IEEE and NTCIP
  • Appendix B Out-of-scope European Standards and Architecture
  • Appendix C Japanese and Korean Standards for C-ITS
  • C.1 Japan
  • C.2 South Korea
  • Appendix D ITU-T Collaboration on ITS Communication Standards
  • D.1 Intent
  • D.2 Work Items
  • Appendix E C-ITS Experts Consulted and Key Points Identified
  • E.1 Common Themes
  • E.2 Key Points Identified from Each Consultation
  • E.2.1 Expert A: Australia – Government
  • E.2.2 Expert B: Australia – Government
  • E.2.3 Expert C: Europe – Industry
  • E.2.4 Expert D: Australia – Academia
  • E.2.5 Expert E: Australia – Industry
  • E.2.6 Expert F: Australia – Industry
  • E.2.7 Expert G: Australia – Government
  • E.2.8 Expert H: Australia – Academia
  • E.2.9 Expert I: Europe – Consultant
  • E.2.10 Expert J: Australia – Government
  • E.2.11 Expert K: Australia – Industry
  • E.2.12 Expert L: Australia – Government
  • E.2.13 Expert M: Australia – Government
  • E.2.14 Expert N: USA – Government
  • E.2.15 Expert O: New Zealand – Industry
  • E.2.16 Expert P: Australia – Industry
  • E.2.17 Expert Q: USA – Industry
  • E.2.18 Expert R: Europe – Industry
  • Appendix F Grouping of Standards
  • Appendix G C-ITS Standards Assessment
  • G.1 General Layer Standards
  • G.1.1 Guidelines and Procedures
  • G.1.2 Architecture
  • G.1.3 Data Dictionary and Terminology
  • G.1.4 Interoperability Testing Standard
  • G.1.5 Test Suite Architecture
  • G.2 Application Layer Standards
  • G.2.1 Day 1 applications (including probe, SPaT, MAP, SRM, SSM and IVI)
  • G.2.2 V2X Applications that would Require Additional Systems to Operate
  • G.2.3 I2V Non-day 1 Applications
  • G.2.4 Data Exchange/Interface Protocols (including DATEX II, NTCIP and TPEG)
  • G.2.5 Electronic Fee Collection
  • G.2.6 Automatic Vehicle Equipment Registration
  • G.2.7 V2I and I2V Signalised Intersection Testing Standards
  • G.2.8 IVI Testing Standards
  • G.3 Facilities Layer Standards
  • G.3.1 General
  • G.3.2 Data Message Sets
  • G.3.3 Local Dynamic Maps (LDMs)
  • G.3.4 Position and Time
  • G.3.5 Information Exchange
  • G.3.6 CAM Testing Standards
  • G.3.7 DENM Testing Standards
  • G.3.8 Information Exchange Relative to Transport Infrastructure Management, Control and Guidance Testing Standards
  • G.4 Network and Transport Layer Standards
  • G.4.1 GeoNetworking
  • G.4.2 CALM
  • G.4.3 WAVE (IEEE 1609)
  • G.4.4 GeoNetworking Testing Standards
  • G.4.5 Fast Networking Transport Protocol Testing Standards
  • G.5 Access and Media Layer Standards
  • G.5.1 CALM
  • G.5.2 5 GHz Band Communications (including ITS G5 and IEEE 802.11)
  • G.5.3 ISO CALM Testing Standard
  • G.5.4 5 GHz Band Communications Testing Standards
  • G.6 Management Layer Standards
  • G.6.1 General Management
  • G.6.2 Cross-layer
  • G.6.3 Application Management
  • G.6.4 Facilities Management
  • G.6.5 Station Management
  • G.6.6 Station Management Testing Standards
  • G.7 Security Layer Standards
  • G.7.1 Security Standards
  • G.7.2 Security Testing Standards
  • Glossary