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7.1.2 Evidence of crash risk

There is limited evidence regarding the impact of psychiatric illness on crash risk. Some studies have shown that drivers with psychiatric illness have an increased crash risk compared with drivers without psychiatric illness. There is also specific evidence for increased risk among those with schizophrenia and personality conditions. The evidence suggests a modestly elevated risk for people with low levels of impairment; however, it is possible that people with higher levels of impairment self-regulate their driving or drive more slowly and cautiously, thus reducing their risk.