Active travel

Cover of Bicycle Wayfinding
Bicycle Wayfinding
  • Publication no: AP-R492-15
  • ISBN: 978-1-925294-72-9
  • Published: 23 September 2015

This report analyses the bicycle directional signage and wayfinding systems currently in use in Australian and New Zealand jurisdictions and provides detailed recommendations for the updating of the following sign standards and guidelines: AS1742.9 – Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices - Bicycle Facilities; Austroads Guide to Traffic Management Part 10: Traffic Control and Communications Devices; and AS1743 Road signs - Specifications.

These recommendations are based on the findings of an extensive literature review of current signage practice internationally and within Australia and New Zealand.

The literature review is available as a separate report AP-R493-15 Bicycle Wayfinding: Literature Review.

  • Summary
  • 1. Background
  • 2. Key Sign Issues Studied in the Literature Review
    • 2.1. Sign systems reviewed
    • 2.2. Literature review – Issues for further consideration
      • 2.2.1. Use of colour
      • 2.2.2. Typeface and use of capitalisation
      • 2.2.3. Lettering size and legibility
      • 2.2.4. Sign types and route hierarchy
      • 2.2.5. User symbols on directional signs
      • 2.2.6. Depiction of distance and the use of travel times
      • 2.2.7. Route numbering, branding and naming
      • 2.2.8. Retro-reflectivity issues
      • 2.2.9. Sign system planning
      • 2.2.10. Detour signs
      • 2.2.11. Sign mounting issues
      • 2.2.12. Existing sign investment
  • 3. Cycling Directional Signs – Current Practices
    • 3.1. Sign guidelines
      • 3.1.1. Other ANZ sign guidelines and manuals
      • 3.1.2. International guidelines practice
      • 3.1.3. Australian and New Zealand guidelines practice
      • 3.1.4. Sign guidelines recommendations
    • 3.2. Sign types
      • 3.2.1. Route hierarchy and sign families
      • 3.2.2. Sign types recommendations
    • 3.3. Sign design
      • 3.3.1. Sign base and lettering/symbol colours
      • 3.3.2. Bicycle symbol
      • 3.3.3. Typeface and lettering size
      • 3.3.4. Depiction of distances
      • 3.3.5. Sign layout conventions
      • 3.3.6. Sign design recommendations
    • 3.4. Named facilities, numbered and branded routes
      • 3.4.1. Naming, numbering and branding recommendations
    • 3.5. Use of map, information and facilities signs
      • 3.5.1. Map, information and facilities sign recommendations
    • 3.6. Associated pavement markings
      • 3.6.1. Associated pavement markings recommendations
    • 3.7. Applications
      • 3.7.1. Applications recommendations
    • 3.8. Sign system planning
      • 3.8.1. Sign system planning recommendations
    • 3.9. Sign construction and mounting systems
      • 3.9.1. Sign construction and mounting systems recommendations
    • 3.10. Maintenance issues
      • 3.10.1. Implementation issues recommendations
  • References
  • International Jurisdictions
  • Australian Jurisdictions
  • Appendix A Recommendation for AS1742.9 – Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices - Bicycle Facilities
  • A.1 General
  • A.2 Bicycle Symbol
  • A.3 Colours and Reflectorisation
  • A.3.1 Colour
  • A.3.2 Reflectorisation
  • A.4 Direction Signs
  • Appendix B Recommendation for Austroads Guide to Traffic Management Part 10
  • B.1 Introduction
  • B.1.1 Application of these guidelines
  • B.1.2 Signing routes with and without cycle infrastructure
  • B.2 Sign designs
  • B.2.1 Fingerboards
  • B.2.2 Direction indication signs
  • B.2.3 Advance direction signs
  • B.2.4 Reassurance Direction signs
  • B.2.5 Location signs
  • B.2.6 Facilities/services signs
  • B.2.7 Route markers
  • B.2.8 Map signs
  • B.2.9 Project signs
  • B.2.10 Directional pavement markings
  • B.3 Cycle route types
  • B.3.1 Veloway and primary routes
  • B.3.2 Local cycle routes
  • Importance of street name signs on local routes
  • B.3.3 Tourist / recreational cycle routes
  • B.3.4 Detour routes
  • B.4 Developing a directional sign plan
  • B.4.1 Identify cycle routes
  • B.4.2 Create a Focal Point Map
  • B.4.3 Identify any named facilities
  • B.4.4 Identify any numbered routes
  • B.4.5 Identify any branded routes
  • B.4.6 Conduct a pre-sign risk assessment
  • B.4.7 Design sign layouts for route junctions
  • B.4.8 Create sign schedules
  • B.4.9 Prepare sign artwork for manufacture
  • B.5 Signing complex intersections
  • B.5.1 Intersection Signing Example 1
  • B.5.2 Intersection Signing Example 2
  • B.6 Sign installation
  • B.6.1 Sign mounting and clearances
  • B.6.2 Sight distances and sign visibility
  • B.6.3 Sign legibility and lighting
  • B.6.4 Sign stack mounting order
  • B.6.5 Integration with existing path signs
  • B.6.6 Post-installation check and review
  • B.7 Sign maintenance
  • B.7.1 Sign defect reporting systems.
  • B.8 Alternative Sign Design Options
  • B.8.1 Time Markings
  • B.8.2 Shared Route Markings
  • Appendix C Recommendations for AS1743 – Road signs - Specifications
  • C.1 Scope
  • C.2 Basic sign design elements
  • C.3 Veloway and primary route signs
  • C.3.1 Fingerboard signs – design details
  • C.3.2 Direction indication signs – design details
  • C.3.3 Advance direction signs – design details
  • C.3.4 Advance direction graphical layout signs – design details
  • C.3.5 Reassurance direction signs – design details
  • C.3.6 Location signs – design details
  • C.3.7 Map signs – design details
  • C.4 Local route signs
  • C.4.1 Fingerboard signs – design details
  • C.4.2 Facilities/services fingerboards – design details
  • C.4.3 Route markers – design details
  • C.5 Tourism/recreational route signs
  • C.5.1 Route fingerboards – design details
  • C.5.2 Facilities fingerboards – design details
  • C.5.3 Tourist/recreational markers – design details
  • C.5.4 On-road training route markers – design details
  • C.6 Detour route signs
  • C.6.1 Detour route fingerboards – design details
  • C.6.2 Detour route direction indication signs – design details
  • C.7 Pictograms for use on signs
  • C.8 Directional pavement markings
  • C.9 Numbered, named and branded routes
  • C.9.1 Signing numbered routes
  • C.9.2 Signing named facilities
  • C.9.3 Signing branded routes