Tuesday, 16 October 2018
Austroads has released a report that documents an evaluation of the European C‑ITS Platform including a Threat, Vulnerability and Risk Analysis (TVRA).
Cooperative ITS (C-ITS) is a subset of the broader suite of ITS. It uses wireless communications to share information between vehicles, roadside infrastructure, mobile devices and centres. It allows vehicle and transport applications to work together cooperatively to deliver outcomes that are beyond what is achievable with stand-alone ITS and vehicle applications.
Austroads’ vision is that the C-ITS platform will be set up to allow the various users and entities of the road network to communicate to one another including vehicles, traffic management centres, roadside devices and personal devices via the respective ITS stations.
Countries such as Europe, the USA, Japan and South Korea have been working on developing a C-ITS platform that could be used to deliver various safety and productivity benefits to both individual road users and the transport community for approximately 10 years.
Austroads has been interested in C-ITS since 2007 due to the perceived benefits it could deliver to the Australasian road sector. As a result, Austroads has made a significant investment in gaining a better understanding of how the platform works and what the platform needs if C-ITS is to be deployed in Australia and New Zealand. As a result of this work, Austroads decided that it should work towards adopting the European C-ITS platform.
Originally C-ITS was primarily focused on using 5.9 GHz DSRC C-ITS communications (ITS-G5/M5 Standard) and available cellular communications to deliver services. The use of 5.9 GHz DSRC C-ITS communications enables C-ITS entities to communicate peer-to-peer at low latency and at no communication cost.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) has published a standard (ETSI TR 102 893 V1.2.1) outlining the threats, vulnerability and risk analysis of 5.9 GHz DSRC C-ITS communications.
The report presents an evaluation of the ETSI TVRA for the European C-ITS platform in the Australian context, including an evaluation of the threats posed to vehicle and roadside ITS stations. Areas of interest not covered in the ETSI TVRA are provided, as well as a high-level overview of the central ITS stations, personal ITS stations and cellular communications. Areas of interest to Australia and New Zealand requiring further detailed examination are also described.