The map above indicates where connected and automated vehicle trials are taking place in Australia and New Zealand.
Austroads' Future Vehicles & Technology Program is supporting our member organisations to deliver an improved road transport network that leverages the benefits of emerging technologies whilst minimising some of the risks inevitably faced during a period of such rapid change.
NSW - Regional Automated Vehicle Trials
Transport for NSW has partnered with industry, researchers, local councils and businesses to develop and co-deliver connected and automated vehicle trials in Armidale and Coffs Harbour. The trials will use two highly automated Easy Mile EZ10 with capacity to carry up to 12 passengers.
NSW - Automated Vehicle Prototype
IAG and the University of New South Wales are developing a prototype automated vehicle to gain a deeper insight into their impact on mobility and insurance business models into the future.
NSW - Automated Shuttle Bus Trial
The demonstration of an automated shuttle bus on NSW roads will be conducted over two years at Sydney Olympic Park. Partners in the project, announced in 2017, include HMI Technologies, NRMA, Telstra, IAG and Sydney Olympic Park Authority.
NSW - Regional Trials
Transport for NSW is seeking to trial emerging connected and automated vehicle technology in country NSW. The trials, starting in the second half of 2018, will focus on customer mobility use cases and investigate the benefits and challenges involved in regional areas.
NSW - Sydney Motorways Automated Vehicle Trial
The NSW Government is trialling automated vehicles with life-saving technology on some of Sydney’s major motorways. The trial includes involvement from Transurban and includes vehicles from many major vehicle manufacturers.
NSW - CITI Trial
The NSW Centre for Road Safety is undertaking a Cooperative Intelligent Transport Initiative (CITI) trial of heavy vehicle safety applications using Cooperative ITS. The trial is based in the Illawarra Region of NSW.
ACT - Driver Monitoring
The ACT government is supporting a two year trial that will include testing driver monitoring system on 40 residents driving semi-automated vehicles for up to two weeks at a time. The trial will look at how drivers behave when operating the vehicles in both manual and partially automated driving modes.
VIC – Towards Zero CAV Trials
The Victorian Government has awarded a $3.5 million grant to Telstra and Lexus Australia to run Australia’s first connected vehicle field trial using advanced 4G mobile networks. The grant, part of the Government’s $9 million Towards Zero Connected and Automated Vehicle Trial Grants Program, has been awarded to develop, test and research Lexus vehicles fitted with Cellular V2X technology, as well as advanced driver assist features including crash warning systems and lane keeping assist. On-road testing will get underway in the Australian-first trial of connected vehicle technology.
VIC - ITS Grants Program
The VicRoads ITS grants program is designed to facilitate and improve understanding of new and emerging technologies and their use on the road network. Projects announced include:
- A trial of automated vehicles, including their integration with roadside infrastructure, undertaken by ARRB, ConnectEast and LaTrobe University.
- A trial of connected technologies that can give trams priority at signalised intersections, undertaken by YarraTrams, ARRB and LaTrobe University.
- Development and trial of connected vehicle applications that interface with signalised intersections and managed motorway systems, undertaken by Intelematics.
- A trial of a driverless shuttle bus in the context of a university’s student mobility requirements by a consortium of partners including HMI Technologies, La Trobe University, RACV (Royal Automobile Club of Victoria), ARRB (Australian Road Research Group) and Keolis Downer.
- A Transurban and VicRoads partnership project to assess readiness for highway automation on the Monash/Citylink/Tullamarine corridor.
VIC - Highly Automated Driving Vehicle Partnership
Bosch, the Transport Accident Commission and VicRoads have partnered to build the first vehicle developed in Australia with self-driving capabilities.
Developed in Bosch's Australian headquarters in Clayton, the vehicle has been designed to navigate roads with or without driver input and includes technology to detect and avoid hazards such as pedestrians, cyclists and other vehicles.
VIC - CAV Highway Pilot Trial on Victorian Rural Roads
Bosch is currently developing its automated vehicle technology and will begin testing on high-speed rural roads later in 2019. The aim of the Bosch trial is to use the state-of-the-art technology to improve safety on rural Victorian roads – where drivers are five times as likely to be killed in a crash than in metropolitan areas. The testing will be conducted on roads that expose the automated vehicle to a range of different conditions including traffic, weather and infrastructure.
VIC - Omni-Aware Trial of Automated Vehicle Perception Equipped Intersection
A consortium called Omni-Aware is trialling connected and automated vehicle perception technology installed at an intersection to prevent crashes on roads. Omni-Aware will install cameras and light detection and ranging sensors (LIDARs) at one crash hotspot intersection to detect all road users, including vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists, building a complete picture of the intersection and road user movements and conflicts.
VIC - AIMES Test Bed
The Australian Integrated Multimodal Ecosystem (AIMES) is a transport test bed area, incorporating 100 kilometres of Melbourne roads on the fringe of the CBD, bounded by Alexandra Parade to the north, Victoria Street south, Hoddle Street east, and Lygon Street to the west, plus the EastLink motorway. Contained within the test bed area will be up to 1,000 sensors to collect data on vehicle and pedestrian movement, and public transport use. The test bed is being run by the University of Melbourne, in conjunction with Cubic Transportation Systems, and 37 business and government partners.
SA - V2X Communication Trial
The South Australian Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure and its Future Mobility Lab Fund recently conducted a live demonstration of V2X integrated with an automated vehicle, and a further demonstration of advance localisation using V2X communications.
SA - Flinders Driverless Bus Trial
Flinders University will receive up to $1 million of Future Mobility Lab Funds for a five-year, three stage, $4 million driverless last mile shuttle project - for which Flinders University and the RAA have partnered with industry supporters Cohda Wireless, Renewal SA, SAGE Automation, SIEMENS, Telstra, UPG, ZENEnergy and public transport operator Keolis Downer.
SA - Driverless shuttle and interactive transportable bus stop trial
South Australia’s Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure has provided Future Mobility Lab funds to local company SAGE Automation to develop a road-side bus shelter that interacts with a local shuttle bus.
SA - Driverless Mobility Service Trial
Aurrigo, in collaboration with Regional Development Australia, is undertaking an autonomous vehicle trial at the Lendlease owned Elliot Gardens retirement village at Port Elliot, South Australia.
The trial will showcase how autonomous technology can deliver improved mobility for the 330 residents living in 194 villa homes at the 27-hectare village.
SA - Playford Connect Autonomous Vehicle Trial
South Australia’s Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure (DPTI) is currently undertaking an autonomous vehicle trial delivering a first and last mile service between the Playford Alive Township and the Munno Para Train Station.
The trial is a joint project between DPTI, City of Playford, EasyMile and SAGE Automation.
WA - Curtin University Trial
Curtin University is trialling a Level 4 Navya Arma Bus called Kip. The commercial driverless bus has been driving around Curtin University’s Bentley campus since April 2017. Kip seats 11 passengers and travels on a pre-determined route successfully moving students, staff and visitors around the Bentley campus for the past two years. Kip is also a major feature at Curtin’s large events such as Open Day and Orientation week.
To date over 6000 passengers have experienced the Kip ride.
Kip’s experience has supported research into a variety of research projects including:
- how autonomous vehicles can be successfully utilised by people with physical disabilities;
- how the technology can help develop global and regional navigation satellite systems; and
- how autonomous vehicles transform the way passengers and the wider community understand their relationship with everyday technologies.
KIP continues to provide further opportunities into a variety of research projects conducted with the University’s strategic partners.
WA - South Perth Trial
The first trial of automated vehicles in Western Australia was led by the Royal Automobile Club (RAC), with a Level 4 Navya Intellibus. The trial began in a test bed environment and graduated to public roads along the South Perth foreshore on 31 August 2016. The RAC, in partnership with NAVYA, the WA State Government and the City of South Perth, have been running this trial for 3 years, with over 12,500 passengers having experienced the ride (as of June 2019). The trial is an opportunity to examine WA’s options for better access and more efficient transport choices for their growing population and evolving infrastructure.
The Intellibus is also part of the RAC Imagine Program, supported by the City of South Perth, which provides primary school aged students with the opportunity to learn about technology in transport, mobility and road safety. The program incorporates a ride on the Intellibus and the opportunity to learn about the technology within the vehicle.
WA - Busselton Demonstration
The RAC demonstrated the Level 4 Navya Intellibus from the South Perth trial in a short-term trial along the Busselton foreshore, about 225 km south of Perth, from 8 May to 30 June 2019. This trial, although short, gave over 1,500 South West locals and visitors the opportunity to take a ride and learn about driverless vehicle technology and its benefits.
WA - University of Western Australia Trial
In August 2018 the University of Western Australia (UWA) trialled an EasyMile EZ10 automated vehicle as an alternative on road transportation within the University precinct. The trial ran for 3 weeks and included opportunities for the community to have a ride experience at UWA’s Open Day. The trial provided opportunities for teaching and research as well as investigating the possibilities for a sustainable mode of on-campus transport.
WA - Lane Departure Warning Trial
A two-stage trial was undertaken to assess the readiness of rural roads of WA for automated vehicles by testing the Lane Departure Warning (LDW) systems in commercially available vehicles on selected test sections on rural highways. Sponsored by the Road Safety Commission and facilitated by Main Roads Western Australia, this trial was undertaken through Curtin-Monash Accident Research Centre (C-MARC) and Centre for Automotive Safety Research (CASR) at University of Adelaide.
The first stage of the trial was undertaken in 2018 at nine sites on Great Southern Highway, 155 km southeast of Perth in the Wheatbelt Region. The second stage was completed in early 2019 and included field testing at 19 sections on Great Northern Highway in Pilbara Region, starting approximately 80 km south of Newman and ending in Port Hedland.
The findings from this trial show that the lane markings tested provided sufficient basis for the LDW system to provide appropriate warning during line crossing events, both in daylight and night time conditions, as well as in the presence of red pindan dust. However, the old line markings, not completely obscured even after they are blacked out, caused some confusion for the LDW system.
WA - Autonomous Heavy Vehicle Platooning Trial
Main Roads WA is partnering with industry to launch a trial of autonomous heavy vehicle platooning.
NT - Driverless Shuttle Bus Trial
The NT government completed a six-month trial of an EasyMile shuttle bus at the Darwin Waterfront in November 2017.
QLD - Driverless Shuttlebus Trial
A small trial of a driverless shuttlebus was undertaken by Easymile and Transdev in late 2017 and early 2018 in: Cairns, Mooloolaba on the Sunshine Coast, Ipswich and Cleveland.
QLD - Cooperative and Automated Vehicle Initiative (CAVI)
The Cooperative and Automated Vehicle Initiative (CAVI) will be delivered by the Department of Transport and Main Roads to help prepare for the arrival of new vehicle technologies with safety, mobility and environmental benefits on Queensland roads. CAVI will lay the technical foundations for the next generation of smart transport infrastructure. CAVI consists of 3 pilots and a change management project to enable the transition:
- Ipswich Connected Vehicle (VRU) Pilot: the largest on-road testing trial in Australia of connected vehicles and infrastructure
- Connected and Highly Automated Driving (CHAD) Pilot: researching safety and infrastructure impacts of connected and highly automated vehicles along with public demonstrations and displays
- Vulnerable Road User (VRU) Pilot: a project looking at how new technology applications can benefit vulnerable road user safety including pedestrians, motorcycle riders and bicycle riders.
- Emergency braking warning (V2V)
- In-vehicle speed warning (V2I)
- Turning warning for bicycle riders and pedestrians (V2I)
- Road works warning (V2I)
- Back-of-queue-warning (V2I)
- Red light warning (V2I)
- Stopped or slow vehicle warnings (V2V)
- Hazard warning (V2I)
- if an automated vehicle performance when connected to transport infrastructure such as a signalised intersection
- how a driver responds when an automated vehicle requests the driver takes back control
- what infrastructure changes may be needed in the future, such as signs and road markings
- how an automated vehicle responds to other road users and vice versa.
QLD - Ipswich Connected Vehicle (ICV) Pilot
The largest component of the Cooperative and Automated Vehicle Initiative (CAVI) is the Ipswich Connected Vehicle Pilot, located in the City of Ipswich from late 2019. The pilot will include up to 500 vehicles retrofitted with Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) technologies. C-ITS enables vehicles to ‘talk’ to other connected vehicles, roadside infrastructure and traffic management centre systems to share relevant safety-related messages for drivers. The driver is still in control of the vehicle, and there is no element of vehicle automation. Participants may receive a warning related to one of eight safety use-cases the pilot will be testing. These include:
QLD - Vulnerable Road User (VRU) pilot
There is a growing proportion of road trauma involving Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs)—comprising pedestrians, bicycle riders and motorcyclists. There is a need for emerging vehicle technology solutions to consider all users in the road environment so under this pilot, the Department of Transport and Main Roads is working through an open-design process with the iMOVE Cooperative Research Centre (iMOVE CRC) to inform potential trials. This process is currently in the scoping stage and a potential pilot or projects will be identified in 2019.
QLD - Connected and Highly Automated Driving Pilot (CHAD)
CHAD is one of three pilots being delivered by the Queensland Department of Transport and Main Roads’ Cooperative and Automated Vehicle Initiative (CAVI).
The CHAD Pilot will run from 2018-2023 in south-east and regional parts of Queensland and involve two vehicles—a retrofitted vehicle with sensors to collect data, the other a level 4 automated custom-built vehicle that will be C-ITS connected.
The CHAD Pilot will explore the vehicles interactions with the road, roadsides, vehicles, and other road users. Specifically it will test:
The CHAD Pilot will involve public demonstrations and displays, enabling Queensland road users to see what the future might look like.
QLD - RACQ Smart Shuttle
The RACQ Smart Shuttle will operate a series of trials over five years to explore the potential for autonomous vehicles to address various transport issues, including transport disadvantage. The trials will also expand understanding about the safety of autonomous vehicles, their suitability to Queensland driving conditions and how they interact with other road users.
Phase one of the trial program, Redlands Coast Smart Mobility Trial, is a joint initiative between the RACQ and Redlands City Council, with the support of SEQ Council of Mayors and is Queensland’s first full on-road trial of an autonomous vehicle on Karragarra Island in Queensland’s Moreton Bay.
TAS - Driverless Electric Bus Trial
RACT, the Tasmanian Government and City of Hobart completed Tasmania’s first Driverless Electric Bus Trial with the NAVYA Autonom Shuttle in December 2019.
NZ - Bluetooth In-Car Messaging Trial
In 2016 the NZ Transport Agency, along with GO Rentals and HMI Technologies, ran a safety trial using real time messaging through bluetooth technology to visiting drivers. The results of the trial will be released in 2018.
NZ - Driverless Shuttle Bus Trial
Christchurch International Airport and HMI Technologies, with support from the Ministry of Transport and NZ Transport Agency are trialling a Navya electric shuttle bus at Christchurch Airport.
The second stage of the ongoing Autonomous Vehicle trial on private roads at Christchurch Airport is centred on the new vehicle produced by Ohmio.